In 1834, the Philharmonic Society is founded, at the initiative of Ion Câmpineanu and Ion Heliade Rădulescu. This is the first important point in the history of the National Theatre. In 1836, the Câmpinencii Inn is bought by the Philharmonic Society, in order to build here the National Theatre, a project that is approved by Alexandru Ghica 4 years later.
The building is constructed in a baroque style, on the land that is now occupied by the Novotel Hotel. The Theater is opened in 1852, under the directorship of Costache Caragiale. The first performance takes place on the last day of that year, December 31st (”Zoe sau Un amor românesc”). In 1864. The Theater (named at that time “The Great Theatre”) is declared a public institution of culture, because of a decree signed by the prime minister of the time, Mihail Kogălniceanu.
In 1875, on the frontispiece of the building, appears the name of the institution – The National Theatre – as per request of the director Alexandru Odobescu. Between 1879 and 1918, numerous premieres of well-known theatrical pieces, which are engrained in the Romanian culture, will take place here: ”O noapte furtunoasă”, ”O scrisoare pierdută” (I.L.Caragiale) or ” Ovidiu” (Vasile Alecsandri).